Global Material Handling System Integrators

Caster & Wheel Guide


Your Ultimate Resource for Caster and Wheel

As of January 2019, CasterDepot will be providing Bastian Solutions' customers with the highest quality casters and caster wheels for all applications. The history of Bastian Solutions was built on casters, as the original motto of our company was “If it rolls we provide it.” We are confident that CasterDepot's team of extremely knowledgeable experts will provide the same quality service with short lead times.

Want to know more about casters and wheels and how to select the appropriate one for your project? Our informational guide below will help your decision process on the right solution.


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What is a Caster?

A caster (or castor) is an un-driven, single, double, or compound wheel that is designed to be mounted to the bottom of a larger object (the "vehicle") so as to enable that object to be easily moved. Casters are available in various sizes, and are commonly made of rubber, plastic, nylon, aluminum, or stainless steel.


Caster Terms

Caster Types

Caster Accessories & Parts

How To Select The Correct Caster and Wheel

There is no simple formula or rule that can be followed in selecting the proper casters. Instead many factors must be evaluated. The following are important considerations that should be evaluated.




The heavier the load, the larger the wheel required for the caster. The weight of the load also influences the mobility of the wheel. Roller or ball bearings are recommended for loads over 400 pounds.



Make sure the wheel you select is large enough to pass over cracks in the floor, tracks, moldings and other obstructions. For floor protection on linoleum, tile, carpet, etc., use polyurethane or Performa rubber wheels.



Each wheel material has certain characteristics which will give the best results where unusual conditions exist. For example, where acids, oils, chemicals and other conditions harmful to rubber are present, polyurethane, polyolefin, Maxim, phenolic or steel wheels are recommended.



The larger the wheel diameter, the easier it rolls. Roller bearings carry heavier loads. Ball bearings roll easier but carry lesser loads. When possible, use the largest ball bearing wheel for best results.



Room temperatures are no problem for most casters. But extreme cold or heat can be a problem. In many applications a special lubrication can be used which assures caster rolling ease from 45°F below zero to 260°F above.


Not Sure What Caster
You Need?

Visit our partner CasterDepot and they’ll help specify the caster that bests suits you. The CasterDepot team has decades of experience and is standing by to help you select the right caster for your application.

Custom Caster Applications

Don’t see what you’re looking for?  Contact CasterDepot today and let their team take a look at your application.  They have years of experience designing custom caster solutions for many different applications.

Interested in finding your own solution?